What is a Toco Toucan?
Toco toucans (Ramphastos Toco), also known as the “common toucan,” are the largest and most well known of the Ramphasitdae family. They are easily identified by their black plumage, white throat and oversized, strikingly beautiful, vivid and colourful beak. Their beak is usually a yellow-orange colour that has red lines outlining the top and bottom. There is a black spot found on the tip of its upper mandible. At the base of their bills there is a black band that is specific to only the toucan family. The area surrounding their eyes are a bright yellow-orange and surrounding their eye socket is a vibrant blue ring.
Toco Toucans are one of the largest of its family, weighing at 680g. They are usually about 60cm in length, with their beak being around 16-23cm long. Contrary to appearance, the toucan’s oversized beaks are actually lightweight since they are made up of a “honeycomb” structure.26
Generally, their breeding season ranges from September to February. Toucans build their nest within trees and usually lay 2-3 eggs each time. Incubation period lasts 17-18 days where both the mother and father take turns incubating the eggs.26 After hatching, nestlings are typically fed insects at first, however their diet gradually changes to more fruits as they age. Their chicks begin showing colour at about 18 months old. They reach sexual maturity at 2 years and continue breeding till around 17 years old. They usually live in flocks of 15 birds. Longevity is generally 21 years old in captivity.26
Where are Toco Toucans found?
Toco Toucans are generally located in the Americas. They are found from Guianas through Brazil to Northern Argentina, mostly found in Brazil. Toco Toucans are found in a variety of habitats so they aren’t very susceptible to rainforest destruction. Some examples include; interior savannas, palm groves, forest edges near rivers and coastal areas, forest patches, open woodlands, vegetated islands, plantations or orchards. They are not considered endangered or threatened, so they still have blooming populations.26
How Toco Toucans (Ramphastos Toco) are classified: